Avatar Wiki
Avatar Wiki
A avatarpandorapedia samson 16x9 1098 19 646f971e
Aerospatiale SA-2 Samson
Machine Information
Created by


Used by





Utility Tiltrotor


To reach remote work sites and transport troops to and from the battlefield


15.9 meters long, 14.99 wide


Max. 144 Knots

Behind the scenes
First appearance


The Aerospatiale SA-2 Samson is a human tiltrotor-wing general utility aircraft designed to carry out mostly non-combat missions, although still decently armed with door machineguns and detachable Hornet missile pods for self-defense. It is the workhorse of RDA operations on Pandora, used to transport cargo and personnel to and from isolated sites.


The rear cargo doors are normally left open for flight operations on Pandora, resulting in the need for exopacks for any occupants in the cargo area. The cockpit is separately pressurized at +0.3 psi, to prevent leak-back of toxic methane gases and the flight crew can operate without exopacks even with the rest of the aircraft depressurized. In the event of an uncontrollable influx of toxic air, there are emergency breathing masks (BIBS) plumbed to each of the four cabin seats. All seats have four-point restraints, and the manned stations have safety lanyards included to secure the gunners.

A hook point for slingloading operations allows the Samson to carry extra or oversized cargo externally.


As a utility craft, the Samson's primary defense is its speed and maneuverability. The armaments usually seen on the SA-2 are a pair of door-mounted MBS-9M Hydras, or M60 Machine Guns (which are also capable of being fixed forward to be remotely operated by the pilot), and Hornet missile pods on pylons immediately aft of the cockpit. An alternate configuration is one Hydra on the left pedestal and a .30 Caliber Machine Gun on the right pedestal.


3998619136 1ca299898f

Samson safety procedures

The Samson is propelled by a transverse pair of ducted fan tiltrotor nacelles, each with a pair of counter-rotating coaxial rotors, increasing the lift efficiency while granting excellent reliability. Both tiltrotors are capable of leaning backwards and forwards independently. Left and right movement is possible by changing the rotary speed of either one of the nacelles; the Samson moves forward by tilting its fans horizontally. The V-tail design also helps reduce drag and maximizes fuel efficiency. As a result, the Samson is incredibly maneuverable.

Service history[]


The Samson had been in use on Earth for over a century, a testament to its venerable and robust airframe. Its various trial runs in Antarctica, the Himalayas, and Honduras proved the aircraft could fly well in thin or thick atmospheres or in extreme temperatures with minimal maintenance.


Samson landing at halelulja mountains

Samson 16 landing at Site 26 in the Hallelujah Mountains

When the RDA needed a reliable and sturdy aerial workhorse, they naturally chose the field-tested Samson and hardened its electrical systems to prepare it for the rigors of Pandora. Samsons were used for transporting personnel and cargo between sites across the moon and as a light gunship when required.

Samsons were present for the Pandoran War and the Destruction of the Hometree, usually in a light gunship configuration. Several were destroyed during the Battle of Ayram Alusìng, including one Samson piloted by Trudy Chacón which was used against the RDA.

At least one Samson remained in use after the Pandoran War by Jake Sully's insurgency and was used to transport Norm Spellman and Max Patel to aid Kiri. It was painted with unique blue markings.

Notable Samsons[]


  • James Cameron's influence for the Samson came from Russian "Hind D" heavy gunships that he used on the set of Rambo: First Blood Part II in 1983.[1]
  • In real life, Aérospatiale was a French aeronautics company that was split apart and merged into various other companies between 1992 and 2000. The helicopter part combined with DASA to create Eurocopter.
  • The SA-2 features a fuselage that is reminiscent of those made by Eurocopter and Aérospatiale, including the EC-135 and EC-145.
  • Ducted fan VTOL aircraft have been flown since at least the 1960s. A notable example was the Bell X-22, a quad-ducted fan experimental aircraft built for the US military. It has no relation to the later V-22 Osprey tiltrotor. Though successful, no military aircraft since have used that technology.
  • The Samson fills the real-world military role of a medium, multi-role utility helicopter such as the UH-1 "Huey" and Sikorsky UH-60 Blackhawk, or a heavily armed transport-gunship hybrid like the Mil Mi-24 "Hind".
  • There are several parallels to UH-1 "Huey", the most famous Vietnam-era helicopter, in the SA-2 Samson. Notably, there are skids rather than wheels of the UH-60, M60 machine guns guns are mounted in the doors rather than a dedicated window, reminiscent of those carried as door guns on those helicopters, and the silhouettes with the folded bipod at the muzzle of the gun are similar. Another visual cue is the ability to mount two MBS-9M Hydras in a fixed, forward-firing position on stub arms near the cargo doors to act as a gunship, something the UH-1 could do as well. The rotor sounds are similar to a four-bladed helicopter like the Blackhawk, as opposed to the distinctive sound of a two-bladed helicopter like the UH-1.



Gallery eye See the image gallery for